Implications of Truck Platoons for Roadside and Vehicle Safety Hardware

Platooning is an extension of Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) that realizes automated lateral and longitudinal vehicle control while moving in tight formation with short following distances. It is unknown whether the capacity and adequacy of existing roadside safety hardware deployed at strategic locations is sufficient to resist a potential impact from a fleet of multiple truck platooning at high speed, which may occur as a result of errant truck platoons. It is unknown how these impacting trucks might interact with roadside safety barriers after leaving their platoon and what are the occupant risks associated with such impacts. This research will identify and prioritize the critical Manual of Safety Hardware (MASH) TL5 roadside safety device(s) for truck platooning impact assessment in order to understand the associated roadside and occupant risks and hazards. Finite element models of the trucks and roadside safety device/s will be examined using multiple computer simulations for multiple scenarios. The injury risks of occupants during truck collision simulations will be assessed using dummy and human finite element models. The results and implications will be critical to understand if any roadside safety device improvements and/or platooning constraint modifications will be necessary before implementing truck platooning. It is expected that the outcomes of this research will be of particular interests for future and current transportation industry and agency leaders, students, professionals, researchers and Department of Transportation's (DOT’s) personnel involved with the selection of roadside safety hardware for deployment at critical locations where truck platooning will be allowed.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $301597
  • Contract Numbers:

    69A3551747115

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Safety through Disruption University Transportation Center

    Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
    Blacksburg, VA  United States  24060
  • Project Managers:

    Harwood, Leslie

  • Performing Organizations:

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute, College Station

    Texas A&M University System
    3135 TAMU
    College Station, TX  United States  77843-3135

    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg

    Office of Sponsored Programs
    1880 Pratt Drive, Suite 2006
    Blacksburg, VA  United States  24061
  • Principal Investigators:

    Dobrovolny, Chiara

    Untariou, Costin

  • Start Date: 20170101
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180531
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01632293
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Safety through Disruption University Transportation Center
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747115
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Apr 13 2017 4:40PM