Waterproofing Details of Connections for Adjacent Precast Concrete Box-Beam Bridges

Adjacent box-beams need to work together for a bridge to function effectively as a single unit. Structural performance of non-composite box-beam bridges is greatly dependent on the shear key, the connection details including the grout, waterproofing, and the tie rods. Severe leakage is commonly documented. Water leakage leads to premature aging and is the primary cause for corrosion of the prestressing strands and non-prestressed steel, which causes spalling and snapping of strands. Prevention of water leakage is critical to minimize corrosion related deterioration at the longitudinal joints of adjacent box-beams. Any cracking along the joints and differential deflection of adjacent beams causes water proofing membrane to get damaged making water leakage inevitable. Most times the seeping water is contaminated with chloride from deicing materials which makes the concrete susceptible to corrosion related damage such as cracking and spalling. This project is being conducted in collaboration with Ohio's Research Initiative for Locals (ORIL). This research was initiated by the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) to establish the sources, causes and effects of inadequate waterproofing at joints and develop preventive measures through careful evaluation of alternatives on the state system. The scope of work was expanded to incorporate aspects specific to the local system such as: (1) analysis of adjacent precast reinforced concrete box-beams to establish the sources, causes and effects of inadequate waterproofing at the joints; (2) an evaluation of peel-and-stick waterproofing as a membrane alternative, (3) an analysis of grouting options/alternatives for keyway joints; and (4) develop preventive measures for existing and new box-beam bridges. The results of this research will provide a basis for better preparation of local officials to deal with system degradation of these structure types and maintenance of existing structures in addition to providing an opportunity for improvements in planning and design of new structures.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Contract Numbers:




  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Ohio Department of Transportation

    Research Program
    1980 West Broad Street
    Columbus, OH  United States  43223
  • Project Managers:

    Martindale, Jill

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Akron

    College of Engineering
    Akron, OH  United States  44325
  • Principal Investigators:

    Patnaik, Anil

  • Start Date: 20140106
  • Expected Completion Date: 20181031
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01632143
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Ohio Department of Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: 26163, 97083, 134847
  • Files: RiP, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 4 2017 12:54PM