Field Test of Oral Fluid Screening Devices

A recent development in drug use detection has been the capability of toxicology laboratories to detect most illegal and legal (prescription) drugs in oral fluid samples. Oral fluid samples are much easier to collect than blood samples. There are oral fluid collection devices currently available for use that capture a sufficient quantify of oral fluids that can then be sent to a lab for analysis. Devices known as “on-site” or “rapid screening” devices allow one to obtain an oral fluid sample from an impaired driving suspect, and within a few minutes, have an indication of use (typically for 5-7 drugs). At this time, for forensic purposes, a second oral fluid sample is still needed for confirmatory testing. If accurate and reliable, these screening devices would provide an officer with crucial information as to how to proceed with an impaired driving charge. This research is examining the accuracy and feasibility of these devices.


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    • Status: Active
    • Contract Numbers:


    • Sponsor Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Berning, Amy

    • Performing Organizations:

      Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation

      11720 Beltsville Drive, Ste 900
      Calverton, MD  United States  20705-3111
    • Start Date: 20131107
    • Expected Completion Date: 20180930
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research
    • Subprogram: Drug Impaired Driving

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01625571
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-11D-002226-0004
    • Files: RiP, USDOT
    • Created Date: Feb 6 2017 3:53PM