Tribal Crash Reporting in ND: Practices, Perceptions, and Systematic Implementation

Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of American Indian unintentional injury for ages 1 to 44 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] 2016). A national study of fatal crashes in 1975 and 2002 showed a disheartening trend as fatal crashes per year on Indian reservations increased 52.5% in the comparison while nationally fatal crashes declined 2.2% nationally (Poindexter 2004). The Indian Nations Highway Safety Plan (HSP) goal ‘is to reduce fatal and serious injury crashes on Indian Country highways’ using evidence-based programs and projects. A fundamental aspect of addressing public safety priorities with evidence-based interventions is high-quality data. Unfortunately, the Indian Nation lacks a comprehensive and reliable crash reporting systems (U.S. Department of Interior 2015; Iragavarapu et al. 2015; Noyce et al. 2014). Tribes are sovereign nations so they have a formal relationship with the federal government and not the state. Therefore, they do not participate in state crash reporting systems that form the foundation for analysis related to resource and policy decisions, as required for jurisdictions such as towns and counties. Crash data submissions by tribes is often limited to fatal events. For example, it was determined that nonfatal crashes were underreported by 64% in a representative sample of tribes in South Dakota (Quick and Bailey 2007) and in Montana only fatal events were reported (Cambridge Systematics, Inc. 2013). Limitations certainly exist with the underreported events but the fatalities do provide some insight for emphasis in tribal traffic safety.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $142390
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC38

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Kline, Robin

  • Performing Organizations:

    Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute

    1320 Albrecht Blvd.
    Fargo, ND  United States  58102
  • Principal Investigators:

    Vachal, Kimberly

    Boxer, Arden

  • Start Date: 20161201
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180731
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: MPC-518

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01618744
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Mountain-Plains Consortium
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC38
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Dec 8 2016 12:21PM