Evaluation of Correct Child Restraint System Installation

While the rate of use of child restraint systems (CRS) is increasing and fewer children are unrestrained, studies have estimated rates of improper installation of child safety seats to be in the range of 70 to 80 percent. While errors have been well documented, the causes of these errors, however, are speculative. This study seeks to explore why errors occur and what factors contribute to proper installation by evaluating installation performance and caregiver confidence in both experienced and novice CRS users. The study sample will consist of 150 participants (75 of each novice and experienced users) who will complete a total of four installations including choosing a restraint type for one of four dolls of varying ages/sizes, installing the CRS in one of four vehicle types, and restraining the doll in the CRS. Performance will be assessed by child passenger safety technicians using a standardized, objective form. Confidence, level of effort, and risk appraisal will also be assessed. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is interested in reducing the number of errors made in CRS installation. The results of this study will provide insight into the cause of observed errors, which can then inform methods aimed at removing those factors.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $469357
    • Contract Numbers:

      DTNH22-14-C-00394

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Byrd, Mary

    • Performing Organizations:

      Westat, Incorporated

      1650 Research Boulevard
      Rockville, MD  United States  20850
    • Start Date: 20140930
    • Expected Completion Date: 20190930
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research
    • Subprogram: Child Passenger Safety

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01618699
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-14-C-00394
    • Files: RiP, USDOT
    • Created Date: Dec 5 2016 4:56PM