Building Information Modeling (BIM) Beyond Design

Building information modeling (BIM) began as a tool used by architects to design facilities. It is defined as a digital representation of a facility’s physical and functional characteristics and can be used as a shared knowledge resource for information about the facility. There is an opportunity to leverage the information for operations and maintenance, as well as other enterprise functions, which will allow for a comprehensive facility management system. When updated during construction, BIM generates as-built data that can be useful once the facility has been constructed. That data can be used in a computerized maintenance management system (CMMS) or other asset management system. It can also, for example, ensure more accurate as-builts, be used for planning renovations of existing facilities, and for a more efficient management of utility shutdowns. The cost benefit of using BIM for design has been well documented so architecture and engineering firms will continue to use it. The cost benefit of using it post-design has yet to be determined. As a facility owner and user of design services, airports need to understand how BIM can be used and be scaled for various sized construction projects, renovations, and facility management. ACRP Synthesis 70: Building Information Modeling for Airports provides a broad overview of BIM. However, little research has been done for airports on how to leverage and implement BIM into the broader enterprise. The objective of this research is to develop guidance for evaluating the business case of and implementing BIM. The guidance should address the following issues at a minimum: (1) How to develop the business case and conduct a needs assessment; (2) The expected return on investment (ROI) that may be able to be achieved for BIM beyond design; (3) How to scale implementation of BIM; (4) Who the stakeholders are and their roles; How to develop a BIM strategy; (5) Outline the BIM process; (6) How to integrate BIM into existing systems (i.e., technology architecture) and daily business rocesses/practices; (7) How to determine the required data elements; (8) How to prepare and develop staff for future BIM implementation; (9) What are the progress metrics throughout implementation; (10) How to determine BIM governance; and (11) Legal and liability issues. The guidance should also include lessons learned and resources. The Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) is seeking the insights of proposers on how best to achieve the research objective. Proposers are asked to develop and include a detailed research plan for accomplishing the project objective. Proposers are expected to describe research plans that can realistically be accomplished within the constraints of available funds and contract time. Proposals must present the proposers' current thinking in sufficient detail to demonstrate their understanding of the issues and the soundness of their approach to meeting the research objective. The work proposed must be divided into tasks and proposers must describe the work proposed in each task in detail. The research plan should include appropriate interim deliverables for ACRP review and approval that include at a minimum: (1) A data collection plan; (2) A listing of potential case studies that consist mostly of other industries that can be applicable at airports. One case study should focus on the cost-benefit analysis or ROI for BIM implementation post design. (See Special Note B); (3) An interim report that discusses and analyzes the work done to date, with an updated work plan for remaining tasks, including a draft outline of the guidance document.; (4) A flowchart of BIM processes; (5) A flowchart of BIM data and interface; (6) Resources and commitment requirements; and (7) A white paper that is to be included in the guidance on developing the business case and needs assessment.


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 09-15

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591
  • Project Managers:

    Greenberger, Marci

  • Start Date: 20170701
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 41280

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01618660
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 09-15
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Dec 3 2016 1:00AM