Rear Seat Belt Law Evaluation

The 2014 National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS) found observed seat belt use to be 14 percent lower in the backseat than in the front. The rear seat occupant protection problem is also underlined by the fact that in 2014 the percentage of people dying unrestrained in the backseat was 11 percent higher than for people dying in in the front. Part of the explanation appears to be attributable to differences in State laws. In 2016 there are 22 States without laws requiring all occupants to buckle up, and NOPUS found observed rear seat belt use in States without a rear seat law was 14 percent lower than in States requiring belt use in all seating positions. The primary objective of this project is to evaluate the effect of an all positions seat belt law. This evaluation will include seat belt observations in nine States comprised of three triads each with a State with no rear seat belt law, a secondary law, and a primary law. Conducting the current research could provide evidence for legislators to support the passing of more rear seat belt laws.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $1048331
    • Contract Numbers:

      DTNH2216D00019/0003

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Byrd, Mary

    • Performing Organizations:

      Preusser Research Group, Incorporated

      Trumbull, CT  United States 
    • Principal Investigators:

      Byrd, Mary

    • Start Date: 20160929
    • Expected Completion Date: 20220930
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01612990
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    • Contract Numbers: DTNH2216D00019/0003
    • Files: RiP, USDOT
    • Created Date: Oct 5 2016 11:58AM