Vehicle-to-Device (V2D) Communications: Readiness of the Technology and Potential Applications for People with Disability

A smart city is a subcategory of the Internet of Things (IoT). Within a smart city, the network of 'things' is a network of city resources and infrastructure. Sensors and meters embedded in the city collect and exchange data that can be analyzed to determine the efficiency of a city. This data is monitored and acted upon by the city to quickly provide services. A wholly smart city (all municipal services are networked together) has yet to be implemented. However some cities have implemented smart infrastructure projects to provide smart city benefits to select municipal services. From transportation perspective, M-City at the University of Michigan provides 32 acres and 3000 test vehicles to study the different aspects of Connected Vehicles. In January 2016, the United States (US) federal government announced that over $4 Billion would be invested for research to explore autonomous vehicle technologies. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) services were initially coined to increase safety and reduce congestion and pollution. Over the last decade, this framework has evolved and various fundamentals have been identified, including wireless communications for implementing ITS services. Consequentially, a 75 MHz bandwidth in the 5.9 GHz band was reserved for dedicated short range communications (DSRC) in ITS services. IEEE undertook the task for specifying the protocols and standards for wireless communications enabling ITS services, while ITS users envisioned a range of diverse applications. These applications can be divided into different classes, such as safety, efficiency, convenience and infotainment. IEEE 802.11p was developed as an amendment to IEEE 802.11 for wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE). While WAVE is considered the de facto standard for Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) communications, in the past few years a number of communications technologies have emerged that enable direct device-to-device (D2D) communications. Technologies like Bluetooth Smart, WiFi-Direct and LTE-Direct allow devices to communicate directly without having to rely on existing communications infrastructure (e.g., base stations). More importantly, these technologies are quickly penetrating the smartphones market. A major goal of this research is to conduct extensive simulation and experimental studies to assess the efficacies of utilizing D2D communications technologies in transportation scenarios focused around pedestrians and bicyclists. A detailed review of the relevant recent literature will be conducted at the beginning of the project. This review will be conducted from a transportation perspective. During the simulation phase of the project, the plan to conduct a performance evaluation study of different D2D communications technologies. The performance studies will focus primarily on the delay and security aspects of these protocols. During the experimental phase of the project, Software-Defined Radio (SDR) and embedded kits will be utilized to assess the performance of D2D technologies vis-à-vis WAVE. SDR follows a software-based, cost-effective approach and does all signal processing with software so, a number of functionalities can be added by introducing new software blocks.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $102589
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC-16-06

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Project Managers:

    Dunn, Denise

  • Performing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Principal Investigators:

    Al-Fuqaha, Ala

    Oh, Jun-Seok

    Kwigizile, Valerian

  • Start Date: 20160901
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180430
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
  • Subprogram: Research

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01610400
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC-16-06
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Sep 9 2016 10:33AM