Travel Behavior of Blind Individuals Before and After Receiving Orientation and Mobility Training (Phase 2: Full-scale Study)

The primary objectives of the proposed study are to produce immediate knowledge about the actual travel behaviors of blind individuals and to objectively and subjectively evaluate the effectiveness of a course of Orientation and Mobility (O&M) training. Examination of the travel behaviors of blind pedestrians traditionally relied on subjective data supplied by research participants in the form of travel diaries or surveys. However, recent studies have found substantial disparities between subjective and objective measures of pedestrian activity. In addition, a Cochrane Review on research in the area of O&M the need for valid quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of O&M training. The proposed study builds on the project team's Phase 1 Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities (TRCLC) effort in which they devised, tested, and refined a new method for the assessment of O&M training. Preliminary analysis of the Phase 1 pilot study data suggest that the project team's new method involving Global Positioning Systems (GPS), accelerometers, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), will enable the project team to collect objective, quantitative, and valid measures of blind individuals’ travel behavior and O&M training’s effectiveness. A repeated-measures design with both parametric and nonparametric statistical procedures will be used for the study. Visually impaired travelers will be recruited from scheduled recipients of O&M training at Bosma Enterprises and Leader Dogs for the Blind. Prior to receiving the training, participants’ travel activities will be recorded objectively with a GPS travel recorder and an accelerometer, and subjectively with a travel diary. The Difficulty with Mobility Questionnaire (DMQ-23) will be administered to measure the participants’ perceived level of difficulty in getting around. Similar data will be collected upon completion of the O&M training.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $165657
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC-16-05

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Project Managers:

    Dunn, Denise

  • Performing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Principal Investigators:

    Kim, Dae Shik

    Smith, Christopher

    Connors, Elyse

  • Start Date: 20160901
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180430
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
  • Subprogram: Research

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01610408
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC-16-05
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Sep 9 2016 10:17AM