Tangential Heave Stress Acting on Deep Foundations in Cold Regions

When the ground temperature drops below the freezing point, a bond is formed by ice between the foundation material and the frozen soil, and this process is called adfreezing. As cold temperatures further penetrate into the ground, the frost-susceptible soil surrounding the pile heaves and hence the initial bond between pile and soil is overcome. Soil then slides along the pile for the rest of the frost heave period and the sliding motion of the soil pulls the pile upward. The upward shear force is called tangential heave force, and the upward shear stress induced by frozen soil is the tangential heave stress. Values of tangential heave stress reported in the literature show very large variability, by several orders of magnitude, causing a pile design depth to differ greatly depending on the selected values. The uncertainties mainly come from lack of proper understanding of ice-soil-pile interaction and absence of standardized tests for measurement of tangential heave stress. Deep foundations in cold regions should be designed in such a way that shaft resistance provided by soils below the frost depth is greater than the tangential heave force induced by soils above the frost depth. When tangential heave stress is not properly considered in design, foundations experience significant upward movement which may jeopardize the structural integrity of transportation infrastructure. The research study will quantify the effect of key variables on tangential heave stress through a well-controlled, lab-scale, instrumented model pile test program in a soil tank. Evaluation of tangential heave stress acting on the model pile and load-transfer behavior along the pile will be investigated using strain gages and Linear Variable Differential Transformers (LVDTs) attached to the pile in a temperature-controlled environmental chamber. Special emphasis will be placed on observations of pile-soil interface behavior before and after the adfreeze bond is broken. The study will make a significant contribution to the body of knowledge of cold regions engineering by evaluating tangential heave stress under different temperature gradients and soil conditions. This will help foundation engineers identify and select suitable design values of tangential heave stress for deep foundations in cold regions. In particular, the testing system and procedure may serve as a standard test method to more reliably determine peak and residual values of tangential heave stress.


    • English


    • Status: Completed
    • Funding: $120892
    • Contract Numbers:

      SPTC 15.1-17/DTRT13-G-UTC36

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Southern Plains Transportation Center

      University of Oklahoma
      201 Stephenson Pkwy, Suite 4200
      Norman, OK  United States  73019
    • Performing Organizations:

      Texas Tech University, Lubbock

      2500 Broadway
      Lubbock, TX  United States  70409
    • Principal Investigators:

      Seo, Hoyoung

    • Start Date: 20160701
    • Expected Completion Date: 20170630
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01607722
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: University of Oklahoma, Norman
    • Contract Numbers: SPTC 15.1-17/DTRT13-G-UTC36
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Aug 17 2016 1:17PM