Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Practices. Topic SB-27. Public Transit and Bikesharing

In the last five years, as biking has increased in popularity, bikesharing programs have become widespread in North America. Bikesharing is a service in which bicycles are made available for individuals to use on a very short term basis. Like transit, bikesharing offers a more energy efficient and low impact alternative to single occupancy automobiles. In most respects, bikesharing is complementary to transit services, because it offers a mode that is particularly well suited for trips to and from destinations that are too far from transit stops to be served by walking. It can thus serve as a complementary access mode to transit to serve the first mile / last mile. This is particularly true in urban cores where the density of bikesharing stations provides good coverage. As a result, an increasing number of transit agencies have developed cooperative arrangements with bikesharing programs to strengthen the relationship between the modes. San Francisco Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) has a comprehensive multimodal strategy. Montreal Transit has a Transport Cocktail strategy involving various formal means of cooperating with Bixi bikesharing. Salt Lake City is demonstrating an integrated back office payment system between transit and bikesharing. And Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA), in the Philadelphia metro region, participated in planning the April 2015 launch of the city’s bikeshare program, Indego. On the other hand, in some cases, bikesharing programs present challenges to transit agencies because bikesharing stations are often located in areas of high pedestrian traffic. Sidewalk space can be limited, creating competition for its use. In addition, some transit agencies view bikesharing as competition for potential transit customers. The goal of this synthesis is to provide a better understanding of cooperative transit and bikesharing relationships and to document the experiences of transit systems with bikesharing as a mode. Information will be gathered by a literature review, a survey of the current transit systems and will also include case examples. The case examples will document the state-of-the-practice, emphasizing lessons learned, current practices, challenges, and gaps in information. The objective of this effort is to: 1) Document the initiatives, policies, and practices that have been undertaken by North American public transit agencies to cooperate with bikesharing programs, and 2) Identify the successes and challenges of transit agency / bikeshare collaboration. Some of the questions to be examined are: • Which transit agencies have developed cooperative approaches to bikesharing and why? ­ What was the impetus for developing the cooperation? ­ What were the objectives? ­ What was the process and history of the relationship? • What initiatives were undertaken? What policies have been implemented? ­ What marketing efforts have been made? - What pricing strategies have been adopted? - Has there been joint use of transit smartcards? - How have mobile apps developed for transit interfaced with bikesharing? - How have transit / bikeshare facilities been designed? Bikesharing station location on transit agency property; Physical integration with transit-owned bike rack/lockers; Bike lanes access; Facility Design Guidelines - What operational arrangements have been used for security and maintenance? - What differences in coordination exist between rail transit / bikeshare coordination and bus transit / bikeshare coordination? - What administrative / institutional mechanisms have been used and what financial participation negotiated? -Sharing of databases? • What have been the benefits of the efforts to date? • What are the specific technical, institutional, and other challenges encountered when implementing the above initiatives? • Do initiatives or challenges depend on the geographic characteristics of the deployment, i.e. downtown core? Suburban office or hospital campuses? Small urban college town? • What challenges have been faced by transit agencies that have not developed any specific cooperation with bikesharing organizations? The results of this synthesis will prove invaluable to transit agencies in highlighting different approaches that have been used and specific initiatives that might be pursued. This should help promote more interest and momentum towards building integrated urban mobility systems and encouraging more transit use, a more active lifestyle and livable communities.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project J-07, Topic SB-27

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Transit Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Garcia-Colberg, Mariela

  • Performing Organizations:

    Toole Design Group

  • Principal Investigators:

    Eldridge, Roswell

  • Start Date: 20160928
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 40899

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01601670
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project J-07, Topic SB-27
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Jun 4 2016 1:00AM