Research for the AASHTO Standing Committee on Planning. Task 130. Inventory and Assessment of Methods for Making Collected Transportation Data Anonymous

Data from roadside monitoring equipment, cell phones, license plate readers, and similar technology are very useful for transportation planning and traffic engineering. New transit fare systems also collect individualized data that are similarly useful. Data generated for a single purpose by personal technology increasingly can be useful for transportation planning purposes. These data, however, often include personally identifiable information and may be subject to privacy concerns and/or legal restrictions. Large geographies are a very simple way of making data anonymous but this significantly reduces the utility of the data. It is therefore important to maintain a high level of geographic granularity while respecting privacy concerns. Methods to make or keep data anonymous may provide a way of continuing to collect needed data without violating privacy concerns or restrictions. The objectives of this research were to: (1) provide an inventory of methods used by transportation agencies as well as other public organizations and private entities to make data anonymous, or collect it anonymously in the first place; (2) identify the features that are of concern from a privacy perspective and that would be of interest to transportation agencies; (3) characterize the tradeoffs when certain features are anonymized while preserving the usability of the data, e.g. spatial granularity, as well as their statistical validity; (4) assess the applicability of the methods for transportation planning and traffic engineering purposes: and (5) identify future research and development needed to provide effective methods for making data used for transportation planning and traffic engineering anonymous.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $74353
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 08-36, Task 130

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Goldstein, Lawrence

  • Performing Organizations:

    Rand Corporation

    1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138
    Santa Monica, CA  United States  90401-2138
  • Principal Investigators:

    Bachman, William

  • Start Date: 20150602
  • Expected Completion Date: 20161231
  • Actual Completion Date: 20161231
  • Source Data: RiP Project 40787

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01598838
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 08-36, Task 130
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: May 4 2016 1:00AM