Community-Aware Charging Station Network Design for Electrified Vehicles in Urban Areas: Reducing Congestion, Emissions, Improving Accessibility and Promoting Walking, Bicycling and Use of Public Transportation

This project aims achieving: 1) improved mobility and accessibility for electric vehicle (EV) users and increased adoption for commuters to urban areas, 2) improved livability of urban areas by reduced pollution and noise levels, and 3) improved walkability in urban areas by reduced traffic flows and congestion. These objectives will be achieved through the strategic planning and deployment of charging stations (over multiple years) as well as the design of dynamic incentive mechanisms to subsidize charging costs to reduce the traffic flows and congestion in urban areas. The underlying premise of this achievement is the leveraging the gradual adoption of EVs as well as incentivizing and guiding traffic flows in and out of the urban areas. Accordingly, the project team will explicitly account for the effect of the charging station network design (e.g., number, type and location of charging stations) on such outcomes as the EV driver's range anxiety, walking distance from the station to their temporary destination (e.g. office and restaurant), cost of charging, urban area traffic flows and congestion, livability metrics (e.g., noise levels, greenhouse emissions, walkability). Given the adoption of EV vehicles and projected dominance of EVs in the future, the project team will evaluate the multi-year impact of the charging station network growth on the livability of the urban areas. With multi-year evaluation capability, the project team will develop optimization models to help characterize superior charging station deployment scenarios along with incentive mechanisms to induce the adoption of these scenarios by independent charging station operators. In the incentive framework, the project team will also account for the effects of charging network design on the existing electric utility distribution system and user preferences.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Contract Numbers:



  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Project Managers:

    Dunn, Denise

  • Performing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Wayne State University

    Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering
    4815 Fourth Street
    Detroit, MI  United States  48202
  • Principal Investigators:

    Chinnam, Ratna

    Murat, Alper

  • Start Date: 20150701
  • Expected Completion Date: 20160831
  • Actual Completion Date: 20160831
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
  • Subprogram: Research

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01590093
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC60, TRC-15-08
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Feb 9 2016 3:01PM