Crash Analysis and Decision Support for Truck Safety and Weight Compliance through Strategic Enforcement and Education, Phase II (Year 2)

Trucks are critical in rural-economy market connectivity in where natural resource based goods are delivered to processors and consumer markets. The prominent role of trucks in oil development is evident in the rapidly expanding fleet that operates within and serves North Dakota, especially in the west. A fixed capacity public road system has greatly increased large truck-passenger vehicle interaction in the region. The associated increasing crash risk is evident in recent trends (Figures 1 & 2). Seventy percent of fatal and serious injury crashes occur on rural non-interstate roads. In addition, the prevalence of hazardous material loads in the truck and rail traffic have created a heightened awareness of planning, training and resources related to incident preparedness and the transportation aspects (North Dakota Highway Patrol 2014, Battelle Memorial Institute 2011). Truck crash research has a well-established foundation when considering national datasets and federal enforcement/carrier safety monitoring (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 2007; Mitchell, Friswell, and Mooren 2012; John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, 2013). The understanding of crashes in a more rural driving environment and driver-related factors are more recent (Cantor et al., 2010; Chen and Chen, 2011; Islam, Jones, and Dye 2014; Graham et al. 2015). These studies generally take one of two paths in the method applied in considering an event count/incidence or injury/severity outcome. Findings from continuing work related to large truck crashes is important in a crash reduction. Research will elucidate factors in truck-involved crashes, in North Dakota, to contribute to a more effective resource allocation in the education and enforcement efforts. Interventions based on findings can be carried out through various methods, including administrative procedure or policy change, education and enforcement. Education can be offered through industry events, public information releases and media campaigns. These campaigns can be used to create greater awareness of the risks and needs for defensive driving. Coupling this education with enforcement is essential in providing sustainable traffic safety programs (Shults et. al 2004, Houston and Richardson 2006, Hedlund et. al 2008, and Nichols et. al 2008). Education efforts can be broad in nature such as encouraging drivers to respect right-of-way rules, stay out of the “no-zone” and promoting seat belt use by all occupants or specific such as making carriers aware of common driver errors. Enforcement is more complex given that the influence is determined level of activities and perception in law enforcements’ ability to appear ubiquitous given a fixed level of resources. While data is always used in law enforcement planning, the ability to fully utilize multiple datasets and geospatial information may strengthen processes for shorter-term programs and longer-term strategies used to promote safety and responsibility in a dynamic truck market. In addition, enforcement has multiple potential faucets, including safety audits, traffic enforcement and roadside inspections. These activities have been shown to have varying degrees of effectiveness. The citation or violation outcomes from these activities have a range of effectiveness related to safety impacts. Greater insight into the North Dakota’s truck industry and safety outcomes would be beneficial for efficient and effective resource decisions related to policy decisions and resource allocations to reduce truck-involved crash risk.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $220000
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC38

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Kline, Robin

  • Performing Organizations:

    Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute

    1320 Albrecht Blvd.
    Fargo, ND  United States  58102
  • Principal Investigators:

    Vachal, Kimberly

    Lee, EunSu

    Lantz, Brenda

  • Start Date: 20150520
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180731
  • Actual Completion Date: 20160401
  • Source Data: MPC-371

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01580142
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Mountain-Plains Consortium
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC38
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Oct 29 2015 2:02PM