Investigation of the Link Between Macroscopic Traffic Flow Characteristics and Individual Vehicle Fuel Consumption

This project investigated the factors impacting individual vehicle energy consumption, including vehicle characteristics, ambient temperature, season, speed, driving behavior, and traffic flow. A fleet of 18 vehicles with a variety of ownership, size, model, year, and powertrain characteristics was monitored using on-board diagnostics II (OBD-II) loggers to collect each vehicle’s controller area network (CAN) bus data for a one-year period. Traffic data, including flow rate, space mean speed, and density, were also collected and linked with the vehicle data. Based on vehicle CAN bus data, fuel consumption models for gasoline vehicles were calibrated, and a new electricity consumption model for electric vehicles was proposed. Both models can reliably estimate individual vehicle energy consumption.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $81261
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC37

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Midwest Transportation Center

    Iowa State University
    2711 S Loop Drive, Suite 4700
    Ames, IA  United States  50010-8664
  • Managing Organizations:

    Midwest Transportation Center

    Iowa State University
    2711 S Loop Drive, Suite 4700
    Ames, IA  United States  50010-8664
  • Performing Organizations:

    Iowa State University, Ames

    Center for Transportation Research and Education
    2711 South Loop Drive, Suite 4700
    Ames, IA  United States  50010-8664
  • Principal Investigators:

    Dong, Jing

  • Start Date: 20150316
  • Expected Completion Date: 20170930
  • Actual Completion Date: 20170930

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01578160
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Midwest Transportation Center
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC37
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Oct 13 2015 3:55PM