Determining Costs, Product Recovery Factors, and Environmental Impacts for Biomass Harvest Treatments in Northeastern Forests

The purpose of this work is to establish the initial study sites as part of a future network of similar sites on which biomass harvesting treatments are implemented and pre- and post-harvest ecological variables are measured. 1. Assess costs, outputs and environmental conditions resulting from four harvesting treatments likely to be applied in Pennsylvania forests: 1) a clearcut regeneration harvest in a mature sawtimber stand; 2) a first-cut shelterwood harvest in a mature stand; 3) a high-grade harvest in a mature stand; and 4) an improvement thinning in an immature stand. 2. ENVIRONMENTAL MEASUREMENTS. Establish sample plots within each site on which pre- and post-harvest yield and ecological variables will be measured and compared both within and among the different treatments. Variables measured and analyzed will include: 1) soil compaction effects; 2) removal and retention of macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg); 3) damage to residual trees and advanced regeneration; 4) overstory species composition and volumes; and, 5) understory species composition, density, and stem quality. 3. ECONOMIC MEASUREMENTS. Measure harvest and transportation costs associated with biomass removal on each site. Observations will be made on: 1) mechanized felling; 2) skidding; 3) chipping; 4) loading for off-site transportation; and, 5) transportation from the harvest site to the mill.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Program Information: Advanced Research, Biobased Research


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $99825.00
  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    Department of Transportation
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Johnson, Shawn

  • Performing Organizations:

    Pennsylvania State University, University Park

    Pennsylvania Transportation and Traffic Safety Center
    University Park, PA  United States  16802
  • Principal Investigators:

    McDill, Marc

  • Start Date: 20080701
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20110630
  • Source Data: RiP Project 25335

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01572254
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Northeast Sun Grant Institute at Cornell University
  • Files: RIP
  • Created Date: Aug 4 2015 1:01AM