Identifying the Potential of Improved Heavy Truck Crashworthiness to Reduce Death, Injury, and Societal Costs of Heavy Truck Crashes

This project will identify and characterize opportunities to protect heavy truck drivers and occupants in the context of current Advanced Crash Avoidance Technologies (ACATs). ACATs have been shown to fundamentally alter the distribution of crashes that trucks are exposed to and will thereby alter the need and prioritization for occupant protection in truck crashes. However, the effects of ACATs on the need for crashworthiness and occupant protection have not been studied. This project addresses that need. Statistical simulation and other work will be used to estimate the effect of ACATs on the distribution of truck crashes. Crash types not addressed by current ACATs will be identified and characterized to support finite element analysis (FEA) of heavy truck occupant kinematics in these crashes. FEA will be used to analyze heavy truck occupant safety in terms of injury pattern and severity. The researchers will evaluate the effectiveness of passive safety restraints (such as seatbelts, airbags, etc.) by comparing occupant injury results obtained from simulations performed with and without these restraints. It is expected that the study will result in significantly enhanced understanding of how truck drivers are injured in heavy truck crashes and will identify interior cab structures and surfaces that could be made more protective to improve safety for both belted and unbelted drivers.


    • English


    • Status: Completed
    • Contract Numbers:


    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Research and Innovative Technology Administration

      University Transportation Centers Program
      1200 New Jersey Avenue
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Principal Investigators:

      Blower, Daniel

    • Start Date: 20140123
    • Expected Completion Date: 0
    • Actual Completion Date: 20150831
    • Source Data: RiP Project 36088

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01572164
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Center for Advancing Transportation Leadership and Safety (ATLAS Center)
    • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC54
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Aug 1 2015 1:30AM