Identifying the Potential of Improved Heavy Truck Crashworthiness to Reduce Death, Injury, and Societal Costs of Heavy Truck Crashes

The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute and the Texas A&M Transportation Institute are conducting a joint project to identify and characterize opportunities to protect heavy truck drivers and occupants through improved passive restraints and more protective cab interiors, in the context of current Advanced Crash Avoidance Technologies (ACATs). Crash types not addressed by current ACATs will be identified and characterized to support finite element analysis (FEA) of heavy truck occupant kinematics in these crashes. FEA will be used to analyze heavy truck occupant safety in terms of injury pattern and severity. While interior crash protection has received adequate attention for automobiles, very little is known about occupant safety in commercial vehicles such as heavy trucks. The researchers will evaluate the effectiveness of passive safety restraints (such as seatbelts, airbags, etc.) by comparing occupant injury results obtained from simulations performed with and without these restraints. Understanding injury types and injury sources for heavy truck occupants in relation to different crash scenarios will help identify opportunities to reduce injury severity through design of a more crashworthy occupant compartment and implementation of appropriate passive restraint systems. The researchers will also develop a computer parametric evaluation with respect to a specific restraint system parameter for a specific crash impact scenario. Researchers will choose a restraint system parameter for a specific crash impact scenario that would allow for improvement in terms of occupant safety.


    • English


    • Status: Completed
    • Contract Numbers:



    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Research and Innovative Technology Administration

      University Transportation Centers Program
      1200 New Jersey Avenue
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Principal Investigators:

      Silvestri Dobrovolny, Chiara

    • Start Date: 20140123
    • Expected Completion Date: 0
    • Actual Completion Date: 20150831
    • Source Data: RiP Project 36089

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01572163
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Center for Advancing Transportation Leadership and Safety (ATLAS Center)
    • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC54, 602761-00011
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Aug 1 2015 1:30AM