Development of Guidelines for Synthetic Fluid Dust Control Palliative Application

Loss of the fine soil fraction not only creates a public health and safety issue as clouds of dust develop near the gravel road or runway, the loss of the fines also results in degradation of the gravel surface. Maintaining these surfaces has associated environmental impacts as additional resources are required to maintain the gravel surface such as aggregate, which needs to be mined, transported to the site and applied. Proper application of synthetic fluids to control dust will result in a reduction of the loss of fines over time resulting in a reduction in environmental impact. However, without understanding the relationship between the properties of the aggregate and the performance of the palliative the true effectiveness of these palliatives will not be realized. The specific objectives of this proposal are as follows: (1) Develop a correlation between the physical properties of aggregate and synthetic fluid dust control palliative performance, (2) Develop a correlation between a laboratory based palliative performance testing method (PM10 Drop Test) and a field based palliative based testing method (UAF-DUSTM), and (3) use the results from objectives 1 and 2 to develop engineering guidelines for the application of synthetic fluid palliatives on gravel roads and runways. The final product from this proposed research will be a document containing guidelines for the use of synthetic fluid dust control palliatives. An electronic version of this document will be made available through the Center for Environmentally Sustainable Transportation in Cold Climates website and through the Road Dust Institute website. The project will also publish the results of the study in refereed journals and present the results at relevant conferences. Synthetic fluid palliatives have been in use for several decades. There are no current engineering guidelines as to the use of these products. The guidelines we are proposing to develop will benefit the users of these products.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Waiting for final edits on final report to be completed


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $90,592
  • Contract Numbers:



  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue
    Washington, DC  United States  20590


    1101 - 3rd St. S.E.
    Canton, OH  United States  44707
  • Project Managers:

    Liu, Jenny

  • Performing Organizations:

    Center for Environmentally Sustainable Transportation in Cold Climates

    University of Alaska Fairbanks
    P.O. Box 755900
    Fairbanks, AK  United States  99775

    University of Alaska Fairbanks

    College of Engineering & Mines
    P.O. Box 755960
    Fairbanks, AK  United States  99775-5960
  • Principal Investigators:

    Barnes, David

  • Start Date: 20140601
  • Expected Completion Date: 20170531
  • Actual Completion Date: 20170531
  • Source Data: RiP Project 37214

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01563063
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Environmentally Sustainable Transportation in Cold Climates
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC49, 101410
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: May 16 2015 1:00AM