Implications of Electric Vehicle Penetration on Federal and State Highway Revenues

Gasoline taxes account for $31.1 billion or about 87% of the Federal Highway Trust Fund (HTF). This project examined the impact of present and future electric vehicles sales on the HTF. A report presented the project results which showed that the market penetration of electric vehicle (EV) sales has been increasing, but EVs have resulted in very little impact on gas tax revenues. As of August 2015, the lost gas tax revenue from EV sales of 365,000 vehicles is shown to be $71.5 million or a percentage loss of 0.23%. The report also examines the implications and needs in HTF funding. According to numerous references, the HTF has experienced a continuing shortfall that is attributed to three major factors; more fuel efficient internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, increasing inflation, no increases in federal gas rates since 1993 and increased cost in highway construction and repairs. In December 2015, the Congress passed and the President signed a $300 billion, five year, transportation bill that funds the nation's highways and other infrastructure. This long-term bill is called the FAST Act (Fixing America's Surface Transportation).


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $63280.00
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Block, David

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Central Florida, Orlando

    P.O. Box 25000
    Orlando, FL  United States  32816
  • Principal Investigators:

    Schleith, Kevin

  • Start Date: 20131001
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20180930
  • Source Data: RiP Project 36175

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01562890
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Electric Vehicle Transportation Center
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC51
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: May 13 2015 1:00AM