Prediction of Electric Vehicle Penetration

This research project examined the current market status of plug-in-electric vehicles (PEVs) within the world and U.S. markets. The sales values for 2015 show that China leads in yearly sales at 214,283 (triple increase over 2014) followed by Western Europe at 184,500 vehicles sold. The U.S. is third at 115,262 followed by Japan at 46,339 vehicles. These four countries comprise 95% of the global sales market. The world total of EV sales for 2015 is estimated to be 565,668 up from 315,519 in 2014. The data also shows that the overall world growth is 79% and that Western Europe is now ahead of the U.S. in total cumulative vehicles. Within the U.S., the PEV sales results for 2015 show that 115,262 vehicles were sold giving a total number of EVs in the U.S. at more than 400,000 vehicles. On a state basis, California is the largest market with about 55% of the sales. Looking at the PEV sales data, the future world market is shown to be extremely bright and rapidly growing due to the various country policies and to the development of lithium-ion batteries from both a technical and manufacturing standpoint. The work also evaluated the types of barriers to EV usage and the actions, incentives and research to overcome the barriers. The barriers to large scale EV usage are costs, range, charging station availability, charging time, battery life and infrastructure, standard and permitting. Results are presented for overcoming each of the barriers. The project will continue to update the data as 2016 figures are received.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $111873.00
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Block, David

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Central Florida, Orlando

    P.O. Box 25000
    Orlando, FL  United States  32816
  • Principal Investigators:

    Block, David

  • Start Date: 20131001
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20180930
  • Source Data: RiP Project 36179

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01562886
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Electric Vehicle Transportation Center
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC51
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: May 13 2015 1:00AM