Program for Vehicle Regulatory Reform: Assessing Life Cycle-Based Greenhouse Gas Standards

Current greenhouse gas emissions standards and energy economy standards for passenger vehicles only address vehicle operation, omitting vehicle production emissions and other life cycle emissions. Non-operation emissions are more dominant in electric drive vehicles and many other advanced technology vehicles, technologies seen as critical to achieving significant greenhouse gases (GHG) reductions from the light-duty vehicle (LDV) sector. This research examines the need, effectiveness, and policy strategies for capturing life cycle vehicle emissions in LDV GHG emissions standards. The research will develop and use a coupled system dynamics model and a time-based life cost analysis (LCA) model for vehicles and fleets to examine net changes to GHG emissions from the LDV sector when life-cycle standards are not in place, the scope of life cycle emissions standards required to best reduce life cycle emissions, implementation strategies for life cycle-based policies, and the effect of product-oriented GHG standards for vehicles when coupled with cap-and-trade or other regional, national, or international policies for managing industrial sector emissions. The time-based LCA model will reflect changing vehicle production, operation, and disposal emissions over time by capturing changing resource use for primary materials, changing fuel and electricity GHG intensity over time, and changes to recycling infrastructure and rates.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Performing Organizations:

    University of California, Davis

    1 Shields Ave
    CA, 95616    United States

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Kendall, Alissa

  • Start Date: 20141101
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 38067

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01553711
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Center for Sustainable Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC29
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Feb 20 2015 1:00AM