Research Program Design---Administration of Highway and Transportation Agencies. Estimating the Costs to State Governments Due to Highway-Related Debilitating Injury and Fatal Crashes

State department of transportation (DOT) officials responsible for safety programs consistently have difficulty building and maintaining interest and support among governors, legislators, and other high-level policy makers. While such officials acknowledge the importance of safety as a matter of public policy, issues of budgeting scarce fiscal resources and serving the varied interests of their political constituencies are primary concerns, and these interests often do not include safety and--as cases ranging from highway speed limits to motorcycle helmets illustrate--may even run counter to programs to enhance public safety. Because high-level policy makers are reliably concerned about fiscal matters, ability to demonstrate the impact of safety programs on state spending and revenues should enhance the ability of responsible DOT officials to secure support for safety programs. However, these DOT officials currently lack good information on the influence of road safety on state budgets. Highway crashes entailing debilitating injuries or fatalities have direct impact on state spending in several areas such as health care and emergency services, maintenance and repair, disability payments, insurance, and litigation, and arguably reduce future revenues. Research is needed to provide these officials with tools and information to asses the influence of road safety on their states' budgets. The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act - A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) substantially increased funding in the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) and required DOTs to develop Strategic Highway Safety Plans (SHSPs) that address the critical "4Es of highway safety:" engineering, enforcement, education, and emergency medical services (EMS). In developing an SHSP, a DOT analyzes safety data and establishes strategies to address problems with a comprehensive set of actions incorporating the 4Es. States are required to adopt strategic and performance goals in their SHSPs to focus resources on areas of greatest need for improvement. A result of the requirement for SHSPs has been collection of data that may be analyzed to describe the influence of road safety on state budgets.  The objectives of this project are (1) to develop a methodology and electronic template to quantify the impacts of fatal and serious injury crashes on a state's overall operating budget, (2) using the methodology and template conduct two case studies using the states of Pennsylvania and Minnesota, and (3) develop a prototypical presentation format.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $132290.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 20-24(68)

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW, Suite 225
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Project Managers:

    Niessner, Charles

  • Performing Organizations:

    NAVIGATS, Incorporated

    ,    
  • Principal Investigators:

    Bahar, Geni

  • Start Date: 20090406
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20110331
  • Source Data: RiP Project 21059

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01549590
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
  • Contract Numbers: Project 20-24(68)
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2015 1:01AM