Research Program Design---Administration of Highway and Transportation Agencies. Connected/Automated Vehicle Research Roadmap for AASHTO

Connected and automated vehicles have organizational as well as technical implications for state and local transportation agencies. Levels of automation range from intelligent, adaptive cruise controls up to fully automated, driverless vehicles (See National Highway Transportation Safety Administration's (NHTSA's) Preliminary Statement of Policy Concerning Automated Vehicles). Fully automated, driverless vehicles can be either autonomous or connected to each other and the infrastructure. Automated vehicles that are connected to the infrastructure have specific implications for how public agencies either accommodate or direct future trends in deployment of automated vehicles. The existence of autonomous vehicles (i.e., those that are not connected to the infrastructure) pose even greater challenges to traffic managers. Highway network and transportation system planning, design, maintenance, and operations functions are all likely to require adaptation to meet technical, policy, and legal expectations of this changing road user fleet. This adaptation will affect technical standards, business and engineering processes, performance measurement and management, workforce and professional development, organizational structure and staffing, and agency information technology models. A Connected/Automated Vehicle (CV/AV) Research Roadmap is needed to define and address critical organizational and institutional issues for state and local transportation agencies in order to expedite the transportation system's accommodation of these vehicle technologies. The American Association for State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Connected Vehicle Strategic Plan was completed in 2009, and a subsequent Infrastructure Deployment Analysis was completed in 2011. The latter noted the need for an Information Exchange Forum, and a Connected Vehicle Education & Outreach Program, among other nationwide institutional initiatives. Also as recommended by the 2011 Analysis, the Federal Highway Administration and AASHTO are in the process of completing a Connected Vehicle "Footprint Analysis" to continue to quantify roadway infrastructure costs and other prospective impacts. NHTSA is expected to issue agency decisions over the next two years affecting Dedicated Short Range Communications system expectations for light and heavy vehicles, and the Federal Highway Administration intends to develop Connected Vehicle infrastructure guidance beginning in 2015. Google, Nissan, and General Motors have all stated corporate goals to have commercial automated vehicles on the street by as early as 2017, but all by 2020. A fully autonomous "driverless" vehicle could be on the market by 2025. Lane departure warning systems, "blind spot" monitoring and alerts, and automated cruise control based on distance from the vehicle in front rather than speed are autonomous vehicle technologies already available. Mercedes, Ford and others market automobiles that offer integrated partial automation at speeds under 25 miles per hour. Several states already have regulations in place that allow automated vehicles to operate. The objective of this research is to develop a CV/AV Research Roadmap addressing the policy, planning, and implementation issues that will face state and local transportation agencies. The roadmap should consider the implications of CV/AV technologies for the various segments of the traveling public (e.g., passenger cars, trucks, transit vehicles, emergency vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians) and for agency fleets. Consideration should be given to CV technologies that are not based on the Dedicated Short Range Communication band. Project deliverables will include: (1) Catalog of institutional, policy, planning, and legal issues related to CV/AVs that are likely to arise affecting state and local transportation agencies; and (2) Multi-year program of research projects addressing those issues. Descriptions of the projects should include expected benefits due to implementation, likely barriers to implementation, and feasible funding sources (e.g., National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), Cooperative Transportation System Pooled Fund Study). Recommendations for managing and maintain the roadmap are as follows: These recommendations must take into account the rapidly evolving landscape, both in the private and public sector, and the capabilities of the various stakeholder organizations. They should include a PowerPoint® presentation suitable for use by panel members or others to explain the roadmap, for example, at a meeting of one of the stakeholder organizations.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $85000.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 20-24(98)

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW, Suite 225
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Project Managers:

    Derr, B

  • Performing Organizations:

    Kimley-Horn and Associates, Incorporated

    11919 Foundation Place, Suite 200
    Gold River, CA  United States  95670

    University of California, Berkeley

    444 Davis Hall
    Berkeley, CA  United States  94720
  • Principal Investigators:

    Gettman, Douglas

    Shladover, Steven

  • Start Date: 20140625
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20150624
  • Source Data: RiP Project 37638

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01549576
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 20-24(98)
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2015 1:01AM