Evaluating and Mitigating the Risk of Disease Transmission at Airports and on Aircraft

Air travel is often seen as creating an opportunity for the spread of infectious diseases such as influenza, norovirus, and tuberculosis. A 2009 Transportation Research Board (TRB) symposium on the transmission of disease in airports and on aircraft highlighted gaps in using existing research to assess the likelihood that individuals would become infected in the airport and aircraft environment. In addition, the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic demonstrated the need for airports and aircraft operators to understand the exposure risk and for guidance to help them develop strategies to more effectively respond to both routine and emerging infectious disease risks. Research is needed to allow airport and aircraft operators to identify high-risk areas and activities and to develop more effective approaches to minimizing the spread of disease by air travel. The objectives of this research are to determine high-risk areas and activities conducive to human disease spread via droplet, airborne, and contact transmission modes (i.e., exposure opportunities) at airports and on aircraft; identify mitigation measures to address those risks; and provide guidance to help airports and aircraft operators use these measures to develop targeted strategies to respond to various types and levels of disease threats.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $200000.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 02-20A

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Performing Organizations:

    Environmental Health & Engineering

    ,    
  • Principal Investigators:

    McCarthy, John

  • Start Date: 20110706
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20130531
  • Source Data: RiP Project 38409

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01547840
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 02-20A
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Dec 16 2014 1:00AM