Apron Planning and Design Guidebook

Apron design permits safe and efficient aircraft operations and facilitates the on- and off-loading of passengers and cargo, as well as aircraft servicing. The design considers the movement and physical characteristics of the aircraft to be served; the maneuvering, staging, and location of ground service equipment; and the dimensional relationships of parked aircraft relative to the terminal or ancillary facilities. There exists, however, no single document providing consistent and thorough guidance on apron planning, design, and markings. This has resulted in apron layouts and markings that not only vary from airport to airport, but within airports. As a result, a comprehensive guidebook is needed to address the best practices to apron design that will lead to enhanced operational efficiency and safety. The objective of this research was to develop a guidebook that provides best practices for planning, designing, and marking apron areas for all sizes of airports in the United States. This guidebook is intended to be used by airport operators, airlines, and design consultants. The apron design and operational considerations include, at a minimum, the following: (1) Facility geometrics (exploring relationship between aeronautical surfaces (e.g.,14 CFR Part 77), buildings, aprons and apron access points); (2) Markings (i.e., lead-in and lead-out lines, aircraft safety envelope, GSE safety boxes); (3) Lighting; (4) Aircraft design groups that include retrofit, nextgen, and existing aircraft; (5) Taxiways, taxilanes, and vehicle service roads; (6) Engine start-up positions/Power versus tow/Jet blast/Noise; (7) Ground Service Equipment (GSE) operations/fueling; and (8) Snow removal operations.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $250000.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 07-09

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Performing Organizations:

    Ricondo & Associates, Incorporated

    Miami, FL  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Quinn, Colleen

  • Start Date: 20120615
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20130731
  • Source Data: RiP Project 38385

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01547690
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 07-09
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Dec 13 2014 1:01AM