Operator Drug and Alcohol Testing Across Modes

Various regulated modes have established minimum drug and alcohol testing regulations. Some in the regulated community have established practices and procedures that exceed the minimum regulatory requirements for their industry. There is a need to identify the current best practices utilized to deter drug and alcohol use among operators within the regulated community based on synthesis responses. This synthesis will identify the current regulatory requirements of each mode and practices implemented by the regulated community that exceed the regulatory requirements to include: substances tested for, thresholds, collection methods, percent of operators tested for various test types, reporting requirements, methods of storing results, requirements and methods for disclosure of results, positive rates for each mode and a comparison of positive rates for different specimens types tested, when data is available. The synthesis should also document the pros and cons of various specimen types and their appropriateness for various testing requirements such as: pre-employment, random, post accident, reasonable suspicion. Some specimen types are more prone to adulteration and substitution and an industry that supports circumventing drug and alcohol testing has emerged. The synthesis should identify the varied methods/products available that are utilized to defeat drug and/or alcohol testing programs and the prevalence of their use. The Synthesis audience would include: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), Federal Railroad Administration(FRA), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), Federal Transit Authority (FTA), United States Coast Guard (USCG); Regulated community (trucking, rail, aviation, maritime, pipeline and hazardous material and the U.S. Coast Guard); Drug and Alcohol testing organizations (collectors, labs, medical review officers and third party administrators) and insurance companies. Agencies to be surveyed would include: FMCSA, FRA, FAA, FTA, PHMSA, USCG, members of the regulated community that have implemented drug and/or alcohol testing that exceed the minimum federal regulations, collectors and labs with experience with various specimen types and/or testing methods. Information Sources: Current regulations for the various modes, summary reports submitted to regulator agencies by the regulated community, information from the regulated community associations representing the regulated communities, information from participants in drug and alcohol testing such as: collectors, labs, medical review officers and third party administrators and their associations.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project MC-20

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Department of Transportation

    Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC    20590

    Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Project Managers:

    Vlasak, Donna

  • Start Date: 20090625
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 22776

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01546050
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project MC-20
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Dec 2 2014 1:01AM