Research for the AASHTO Standing Committee on Public Transportation. Task 58. Documentation of FTA Section 5310 Recipients and Projects Before the Enactment of Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21)

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) Section 5310 program is designed to provide funding to state departments of transportation for the purposes of funding transportation for elderly and disabled populations. For decades, FTA Section 5310 and its predecessor Section 16(b)(2) funding was based on a formula that provided funds to states based on their percentage of seniors and persons with disabilities compared to such populations nationwide. Funds were made available on a statewide basis, with broad discretion as to how recipients and projects were selected. Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) brought in a new requirement for these and other funds to be allocated consistent with a locale's "Coordinated Public Transit/Human Services Transportation Plan." Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) introduced a new formula, requiring that 60% of the funds nationwide to be distributed to large urbanized areas (UZAs), 20% to small UZAs, and 20% to rural areas, similar to the formula for "New Freedom" funds that SAFETEA-LU had introduced, and whose funds and purpose were absorbed into the Section 5310 program. There is concern that the formula could disadvantage small and rural areas that may not have adequate public transportation resources and services. Further, the new formula has affected the discretionary authority once held by the State to allocate funds according to need. It is not clear whether the Section 5310 funds authorized and approved annually under SAFETEA-LU, correspond to the forenamed annual formula allocation of these funds under MAP-21. Therefore, research is needed to assess the degree to which the historical distribution of Section 5310 funds under the previous Authorization, corresponds to the new mandated distribution of these funds under MAP-21". The new statute also requires that at least 55% of the combined funds under current Section 5310 be used for "traditional" 5310 purposes. The objective of this research is to provide information on the extent to which the distribution of Section 5310 funds authorized by SAFETEA-LU corresponded to the new MAP-21 formula for distributing Section 5310 funds. To enable this comparison, the total distribution of Section 5310 funds for each of the last three years of SAFETEA-LU (e.g., FY 2009/10, 2010/11 and FY 2011/12) will be determined for rural, small urbanized and large urbanized areas. The average annual amount of Section 5310 funds that were approved for each one of these three categories will be determined, and this information compared to the new MAP-21 formula that allocates 20% of total Section 5310 funding to both rural, and small urbanized areas, and the remaining 60% of Section 5310 funds to large urbanized areas.


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 20-65, Task

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials

    444 North Capitol Street, NW, Suite 225
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Project Managers:

    Chisholm-Smith, Gwen

  • Start Date: 20141117
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 37619

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01543559
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 20-65, Task
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Nov 18 2014 1:03AM