Decision-Making Toolbox to Plan and Manage Park-and-Ride Facilities for Public Transportation

The Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) has completed two important research reports that address park-and-ride services for public transportation. TCRP Report 153: Guidance for Providing Access to Public Transportation Stations and TCRP Report 95: Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Chapter 3: Park-and-Ride/Pool (see Special Note A). Additional research is needed to develop improved strategies and practices to plan new facilities and manage existing park-and-ride facilities for public transportation Public transportation agencies and the communities they serve seek to 'right-size" park-and-ride facilities. Under-sized parking facilities may discourage travelers from using public transportation or lead to spillover parking in nearby neighborhoods, resulting in complaints from residents. Over-sized parking facilities represent resources that could be better allocated elsewhere. Improved methods to estimate park-and-ride demand and establish parking capacity would help avoid these suboptimal outcomes and provide important benefits to public transportation agencies, passengers, and local communities. There are a range of concerns regarding the management of park-and-ride facilities for public transportation that need to be addressed, as well as opportunities that should be explored for introducing new technologies and innovation. Questions often arise regarding whether and how much to charge for parking at public transportation park-and-ride facilities; how to fund park-and-ride services; whether to expand existing or build new parking or use transportation demand management (TDM) strategies; how to respond to market changes; and how to work effectively with communities and stakeholders. The utilization of available parking may be improved and customers may be better served through the use of evolving technologies. Planners and managers of park-and-ride services for public transportation will benefit from a research product that presents strategies and practices targeted to their needs. The objective of this research is to develop a decision-making toolbox to better plan and manage park-and-ride facilities for public transportation. The toolbox should build on relevant completed research to address both of these important concerns. (1) Planning new park-and-ride facilities. The research should provide methodologies to estimate park-and-ride demand and determine capacity for park-and-ride facilities for public transportation. These can include proven existing methodologies and appropriate new methodologies. At a minimum the research should address: (a) The key factors that should be considered in estimating park-and-ride demand and establishing the capacity for parking at individual transit stops/stations and corridor-wide. (b) How park-and-ride estimates should be used in public transit planning and decision making. (c) How accurate the methodologies that estimate park-and-ride demand have been over time and how park-and-ride estimation methods can be enhanced. (d) The strengths and weaknesses of the currently used methods for estimating park-and-ride demand and determining the capacity for parking at individual transit stops/stations and corridor-wide and which methods work better in some situations than in others. (e) Improved tools for determining the "right size" for park-and-ride facilities. (2) Managing existing park and ride facilities. Based on the experience of transit agencies, as well as opportunities for innovation, the research should identify and assess strategies and practices to improve the management and operation of park-and-ride programs and facilities for public transportation. The research should consider, at a minimum: (a) Whether, when, who, and how much to charge for park-and-ride services; (b) How to best use parking facilities to optimize public transportation ridership; (c) How to fund the operation, maintenance, and expansion of park-and-ride facilities; (d) How to coordinate with local communities and stakeholders regarding parking for public transportation and minimize negative community impacts; (e) How to address park-and-ride facilities and land use decision making over time; (f) How to use innovative technologies to improve park-and-ride utilization; (g) How to use design and technology to improve safety and security of park-and-ride facilities; and (h) How to enhance customer experience through more convenient, user-friendly park-and ride amenities.


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project H-52

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Transit Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Project Managers:

    Schwager, Dianne

  • Start Date: 20141114
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 37639

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01543450
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project H-52
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Nov 15 2014 1:00AM