Using GIS for Local Government Management of Airspace Obstructions and Airport Land Use Compatibility

Compatible land uses in the vicinity of airports are important for safe and efficient aircraft operations and for the safety and well-being of people on the ground. Aircraft noise and hazards such as obstructions, navaid/communication interference, and wildlife are common issues that can be mitigated through sound land use compatibility practices. However, there are often challenges to compatibility planning efforts. First, effective land use compatibility planning can require significant amounts of data and complex technical analysis. Second, there are many stakeholders with interests in land use surrounding airports, including the airport, local governments, FAA, property owners, developers, and the general public; each of these stakeholders can have different and sometimes conflicting goals and missions. Geographic Information System (GIS) is well-documented as a suitable and powerful tool for addressing not only the technical and analytical aspects of land use planning, but also for enhancing the opportunity for collaborative planning among stakeholders. Yet these benefits have not been fully realized with airport land use compatibility to date. Research is needed to assist airports, local governments, and other stakeholders in using GIS to help protect safety, health, quality of life, and public investments related to airports in or near their jurisdictions. This guidance will help foster greater collaboration among stakeholders. The objectives of this research are to develop guidance and resources for using GIS for land use compatibility planning in the vicinity of airports, including, but not be limited to: (1) A guidebook of evidence-based best practices featuring, at a minimum: Summary of the missions of airports and planning organizations, common land use compatibility issues around airports, and the challenges and benefits of using GIS to address these issues (e.g., information accessibility, analytical capabilities, communication effectiveness); Steps for identifying and obtaining GIS data for airport-related land use planning (e.g., stakeholder identification, determining data requirements, identifying single authoritative source); GIS data considerations (e.g., cost, standards, structure, sources, accuracy, currency, integrity, maintenance); Recommended practices for using GIS data in support of land use compatibility around airports, including specific guidance addressing (at a minimum) noise, obstructions, navaid/communication interference, and wildlife; Range of methods of using GIS for stakeholder collaboration and dissemination (e.g., paper maps, crowdsourcing applications, web portals); Case studies highlighting the successful use of GIS for collaborative land use planning among various airport and jurisdiction governance types, scales, sizes, levels of sophistication, and complexity; Annotated glossary of airport, land use planning, and GIS-related terms; List of resources; and Tools (e.g., decision tree, matrix, evaluation checklist, sample data sharing agreements) for conducting GIS-based land use compatibility analysis around airports. (2) Training materials (e.g., webcast, brochures) summarizing the best practices provided in the guidebook. (3) Sample outreach materials to foster ongoing stakeholder collaboration through the use of GIS to enhance land use compatibility around airports.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $350000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 03-37

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Project Managers:

    Navarrete, Joseph

  • Performing Organizations:

    Grafton Technologies Incorporated

    Newburyport, MA  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Murphy, Randy

  • Start Date: 20150826
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180831
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 37574

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01543344
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 03-37
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Nov 13 2014 1:00AM