Use of Chemical Admixtures to Increase the Effectiveness of Snow and Ice Removal

Snow and ice removal can be a large expenditure during the winter months. With the increase in traffic volumes, winter weather events have a more serious impact on what is considered to be necessary and efficient movement of people and goods, reducing the costs associated with snow and ice prevention and removal would be very beneficial to the Department. There are products on the market now that boast longer working times, lower working temperatures, a less-corrosive formula and that are safer for the environment when compared to typical rock salt. Some of the Department's maintenance yards already use some sort of pre-wetting chemical for their sand/salt mixtures, but there are newer products out there that are made with sugars and are safer for the environment. Other cities and states are already using some of these products to reduce cost and be more environmentally conscious. Using a highly concentrated mixture of salt water (salt brine) has also been an option for anti-icing applications for some time. Salt brine has a benefit over rock salt because it will stick to the roadway, allowing it to work longer without being scattered by vehicles. Some of the Districts in the state have started using salt brine for anti-icing operations to keep the snow and ice from sticking to the pavement to begin with, allowing for easier removal with plows. Also, the Department's ability to view remote areas during winter weather events is limited. Adding weather monitoring systems to more remote areas of the state allows Department personnel the ability to more effectively utilize their resources. Managers will know what kind of equipment to send to these areas if they know what they are facing before leaving the maintenance yard.


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    • Status: Completed
    • Funding: $126865.00
    • Contract Numbers:


    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Federal Highway Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Siskowski, Daniel

    • Performing Organizations:

      Arkansas Department of Transportation

      P.O. Box 2261
      Little Rock, AR  United States  72203
    • Principal Investigators:

      Siskowski, Daniel

    • Start Date: 20120701
    • Expected Completion Date: 0
    • Actual Completion Date: 20131231
    • Source Data: RiP Project 32767

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01542997
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Arkansas Department of Transportation
    • Contract Numbers: TRC1302
    • Files: RIP
    • Created Date: Nov 1 2014 1:41AM