Innovative Park-and-Ride Management for Livable Communities

Park-and-ride (P&R) has been recognized as an effective way to tackle the challenge of the last-mile problem in public transportation, i.e., connecting transit stations to final destinations. Although the design and operations of P&R facilities have been extensively investigated, there is a pressing need for a theoretically sound methodology for planning and managing P&R facilities. It is critically important to investigate where P&R facilities should be strategically located and how often transit service should be provided such that the net social benefit can be maximized. This project proposes an integrated planning methodology for locating P&R facilities and designing transit services simultaneously to promote public transportation and reduce traffic externalities in urban areas. The optimal P&R facility and transit service design problem is formulated as a mathematical program with complementarity constraints, and a solution algorithm based on the active-set approach is used to solve the optimal design problem effectively. A numerical example is employed to demonstrate that the optimal design shifts commuters from the automobile mode to transit and P&R modes and, hence, improves the net social benefit dramatically. The study provides a heretofore missing theoretical framework for integrated planning of P&R facilities and transit services.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $75,621.00
  • Contract Numbers:


    TRC 14-10

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Department of Transportation

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316
  • Project Managers:

    Dunn, Denise

  • Performing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Utah State University, Logan

    Civil and Environmental Engineering Department
    Logan, UT  United States  84332
  • Principal Investigators:

    Song, Ziqi

  • Start Date: 20140801
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20150831
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
  • Subprogram: Research
  • Source Data: RiP Project 36941

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01532762
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC60, TRC 14-10
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: Aug 6 2014 1:00AM