Modeling Emissions and Environmental Impacts of Transportation Activities Associated with High Volume Horizontal Hydraulic Fracturing Operations in the Marcellus Shale Formation

This project models emission dispersions from the most heavily impacted transportation network segments (primarily roads) identified by the current University Transportation Research Center (UTRC) project. The current research models environmental and transport impacts of material and waste movements related to hydraulic fracturing activities in the Marcellus Shale Formation. Both projects use ArcGIS Network Analyst and the GIFT Model (Geospatial Intermodal Freight Transport) to (1) simulate transportation routes used to deliver equipment and materials to well sites and the removal of drilling waste from wells to waste facilities and (2) estimate emissions generated by transportation activities. The current research identifies high volume transport network segments and calculates emission totals. The current project will be expanded in the proposed research by using one or more pollution emissions and dispersion models (MOVES, AERMOD, CALPUFF, Cal-Roads, and/or ALOHA) to evaluate potential health impacts along high volume segments. The dispersion models will help identify areas where concentrated diesel emissions generated by transportation activities supporting natural gas development may be impacting human health. The goal is to evaluate the potential impact and to evaluate multimodal and transport technology modifications through the use of the computer models to help minimize these impacts. Results from these models can be integrated into the Geographic Information System (GIS) database to illustrate the extent of the local pollution problems (these models produce GIS ready output) and can link the model results to population layers, such as parcels and census blocks. Based on the dispersion model results, the project can modify GIFT parameters to evaluate the impact of (1) technological controls (engine filters); (2) alternative fuels (CNG and LNG); (3) locating intermodal transfer facilities and/or material depots outside of populated areas; and (4) minimizing material and waste transport by on-site recycling of waste waters at the well pads. This project will promote goals of two UTRC Research Focus Areas - Focus Area 3: Promoting freight productivity, efficiency, and sustainability through multimodal policy, planning, and logistics and Focus Area 7: Promoting livable and sustainable communities through quality of life improvements and diverse transportation development

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $62389.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    49997-29-25

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    University Transportation Research Center

    City College of New York
    Marshak Hall, Suite 910, 160 Convent Avenue
    New York, NY  United States  10031
  • Project Managers:

    Eickemeyer, Penny

  • Performing Organizations:

    Rochester Institute of Technology

    Brighton, NY   
  • Principal Investigators:

    Korfmacher, Karl

  • Start Date: 20140301
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20150831
  • Source Data: RiP Project 36164

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01517355
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: University Transportation Research Center
  • Contract Numbers: 49997-29-25
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Mar 6 2014 5:01PM