Evaluation of Low-Cost Intersection Countermeasures to Reduce Red Light Running Violations

Red light running (RLR) crashes are a serious safety concern at signalized intersections. In 2009 it was reported that 676 fatalities (FHWA, 2011) and 130,000 injuries were due to red light running crashes in the United States (IIHS, 2011). The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) reported that in 2007 over half of the red lights running fatalities were passengers of the violating vehicle, both passengers and the driver of the vehicle that was collided into, or pedestrians within the intersection (IIHS, 2007). Many communities have installed automated enforcement as a way to enforce red light violations at high-crash intersections. In 2011, it was estimated that over 538 communities had installed automated enforcement (IIHS, 2011). However, automated enforcement may not be practical for an intersection or cannot be implemented due to state legislation. Many communities have implemented low-cost countermeasures at intersections (e.g. confirmation lights, reflective back plates, advance beacons, or enhanced signage) to alert the driver or aid law enforcement officials in capturing violators. Limited research currently exists on evaluating low-cost red light running countermeasures beyond naïve before and after crash analysis in response to community pressure. To fully evaluate a countermeasure, typically 3 to 6 years of before and after crash data are required, and this may not always be feasible. For this analysis, a before and after reduction or increase in red light running violations will be used as a surrogate measure to crash data to evaluate red light running countermeasures and the spillover effect at select intersections in Kansas. The results of this research study is expected to have an immediate impact in the State of Kansas with legislation preventing automated enforcement to be installed and communities seeking low-cost ways to reduce red light running at signalized intersections.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $63384.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT12-G-UTC07

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Kansas, Lawrence

    Transportation Research Institute
    2117 Learned Hall, 1530 W 15th Street
    Lawrence, KS  United States  66045

    Kansas State University

    Manhattan, KS  United States  66506
  • Principal Investigators:

    Sharma, Anuj

    Fitzsimmons, Eric

    Mulinazzi, Thomas

    Schrock, Steven

  • Start Date: 20120601
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20131231
  • Source Data: RiP Project 33535

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01483127
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Mid-America Transportation Center
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT12-G-UTC07
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Jun 5 2013 1:01AM