A Framework for Estimating Emissions of Freight Transport Operations

In recent years, corporations have shown increasing interest in measuring their environmental impacts, especially pollutant emissions. Business interests, e.g., preparing for imminent regulation, motivate this trend as much as ethics. Investors and customers factor environmental impact into their business decisions, and sustainable companies have a competitive advantage. For companies with large distribution systems, emissions from transport operations constitute a significant portion of their environmental impact. Many models have been developed to estimate vehicle emissions, though the focus in research and in practice has been on automobiles, as opposed to trucks and other heavy vehicles. In addition, there is a lack of standards governing emissions reporting. Wide variations and lack of documentation make comparisons between companies or years difficult. The goal of this project is, therefore, to develop a rigorous, flexible, and practical framework for estimating the emissions of freight transport operations. It will be based on simple, yet defensible and reliable economic models of marginal emissions contributions from individual shipments, and it will be implemented as an online tool. The initial focus will be on trucking, but extensions for other freight modes are possible. The proposed framework will provide several practical advantages over currently available methods. In particular, the framework will: (1) Be based on data that are commonly available from freight carriers; (2) Provide error bounds, describing the precision of emissions estimates; (3) Provide quantitative support for strategic shipping and supply-chain decisions; and importantly, (4 Allow for consistent comparison among companies and across years. The proposed framework and online implementation will be validated with data from the transportation operations of two Fortune 500 companies that have established relationships with the Nevada University Transportation Center (NUTC) and Center for the Commercialization of Innovative Transportation Technology (CCITT).

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $76118.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    CCITT Y5-03

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Principal Investigators:

    Durango-Cohen, Pablo

  • Start Date: 20111201
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20121130
  • Source Data: RiP Project 29849

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01482608
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for the Commercialization of Innovative Transportation Technology
  • Contract Numbers: CCITT Y5-03
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: May 30 2013 1:00AM