The Effects of Network Characteristics on Traffic Flows and Emissions

The objective of this research is to use state-of-the-art macroscopic traffic models to relate the characteristics of a street network (e.g., block lengths, signal settings, road widths, etc.) and the level of travel demand to aggregated properties of the traffic demand (e.g., number of vehicle stops, total vehicle hours cruising, total vehicle hours idling, etc.). This relationship will provide the inputs to state-of-the-art greenhouse gas emissions models as developed through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Motor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES). The resulting methodology and tools will describe the relationship between network characteristics and network-wide emissions. These results will be useful for developing insights about the environmental performance of urban street networks in general, and provide a foundation for studying specific networks and improvement plans on real street networks. Achieving this objective entails three parts. (1) Develop an analytical tool to relate network characteristics to the aggregate greenhouse gas emissions. (2) Verify analytical results through simulation of simple street networks with a variety of traffic conditions. (3) Use both the analytical tool and simulations to compare the effects of street network design on aggregate emissions in a systematic way.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $99032.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT12-G-UTC16

    CAIT-UTC-022

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    University Transportation Centers Program
    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation

    Rutgers University
    100 Brett Rd
    Piscataway, NJ  United States  08854-8058

    North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority

    ,    
  • Project Managers:

    Miller, Keith

  • Performing Organizations:

    Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation

    Rutgers University
    100 Brett Rd
    Piscataway, NJ  United States  08854-8058
  • Principal Investigators:

    Gonzales, Eric

  • Start Date: 20130201
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20131231
  • Source Data: RiP Project 33953

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01477309
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT12-G-UTC16, CAIT-UTC-022
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Apr 3 2013 1:00AM