Do Investments in Urban Public Transit Improve Employment Outcomes for Residents? Evidence from Bogota, Columbia

Transit advocates argue that good transit systems promote urban economic development by improving job matching between employers and workers who do not commute by car. As urban economies enter an era of high fuel prices, high traffic congestion, and increasing concern about our global climate, increasing numbers of commuters will be looking to alternatives to the private car, including transit. We aim to test the strength of the relationship between transit expansion and employment outcomes using the case of Bogotá, Colombia - a city that recently made an enormous investment in transit with economic development as an explicit goal. We focus on Bogotá because it presents a rare "natural experiment" in transit investment. We plan to employ a variety of empirical strategies using existing geocoded data from a labor market survey conducted each quarter from 2000-2005, along with information about the exact timing and location of the transit expansion over this same time period. The proposed research will provide the first empirical test of whether a real-world major investment in urban transit infrastructure actually improved employment outcomes across a city, and if so, for whom.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Completed
    • Funding: $52338.00
    • Contract Numbers:

      DTRT06-G-0022

      R03-4

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      California Department of Transportation

      1227 O Street
      Sacramento, CA  United States  95843
    • Performing Organizations:

      Sustainable Transportation Center/ITS-Davis

      ITS-Davis
      University of California, Davis
      Davis, CA  United States  95616
    • Principal Investigators:

      Salon, Deborah

    • Start Date: 20081001
    • Expected Completion Date: 0
    • Actual Completion Date: 20090930
    • Source Data: RiP Project 20901

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01468377
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: University of California Transportation Center/Institute of Transportation Studies
    • Contract Numbers: DTRT06-G-0022, R03-4
    • Files: UTC, RiP, STATEDOT
    • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 3:49PM