The Effects of High Visibility Enforcement on Driver Compliance to Pedestrian Yield Right of Way Laws

The three E's-Enforcement, Engineering, and Education- are the primary strategies employed in pedestrian safety programs. Although a number of studies have evaluated the effects of pedestrian safety education programs and various engineering treatments individually, no studies have examined the effects of enforcement alone on pedestrian safety. This study will evaluate the impact of law enforcement combined with increased publicity about the enforcement effort will have on the drivers' compliance with the pedestrian yield the right of way laws. The goal of this program is to increase yielding to pedestrians by motorists, in order to minimize the potential conflicts between vehicles and pedestrians at crosswalks. This strategy is based on general deterrence theory, such that an increased use of sustained high visibility enforcement in conjunction with publicity about the program will generate the public perception that the risks of detection have been elevated and thereby refrain from unsafe actions. While this strategy has been employed to reduce alcohol impaired-driving and increase seat belt use, it has not generally been used to improve pedestrian safety. This project will examine the utility of high visibility enforcement for improving pedestrian safety.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • See "High-Visibility Enforcement on Driver Compliance With Pedestrian Right-of-Way Laws" (Report No. DOT HS 811 786).


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Wagner, Essie

  • Performing Organizations:

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Start Date: 20080801
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20130800
  • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research
  • Subprogram: Pedestrian Safety
  • Source Data: RiP Project 31033

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01465101
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Files: RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 2:55PM