Highway Infrastructure and Operations Safety Research Needs

Reducing the number of fatalities and injuries from highway traffic crashes is a high-priority goal shared by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and the States. While fatality rates have steadily decreased over time, the number of fatalities has remained unacceptably high. While increased safety funding under SAFETEA-LU and States' development and implementation of strategic highway safety plans can be expected to significantly improve highway safety, research is needed to develop innovations that will be needed to achieve AASHTO's goal of halving fatalities in 20 years. Achieving the greatest benefits from research will require well-targeted and coordinated research investment. FHWA and AASHTO, and the Transportation Research Board (TRB) convened an expert committee to provide an independent review of current processes for establishing research priorities and coordinating highway safety research activities. In TRB Special Report 292, the committee presented its findings and recommended that "an independent scientific advisory committee should be established and charged with (1) developing a transparent process for identifying and prioritizing research needs and opportunities in highway safety, with emphasis on infrastructure and operations; and (2) using the process developed to recommend a national research agenda focused on highway infrastructure and operations safety." This problem statement proposes an NCHRP project to implement expert committee's recommendation. Development of a national research agenda would support the Safety Management Subcommittee of the AASHTO Standing Committee on Highway Traffic Safety in carrying out its highway safety research oversight and advocacy responsibilities. The objectives of this project are to: (1) develop a transparent process for identifying and prioritizing research needs and opportunities in highway safety; and (2) using the process developed to recommend a national research agenda focused on highway infrastructure and operations safety. Specific tasks necessary to achieve these objectives include: (1) Develop a process for identifying and prioritizing safety research needs that includes the following features: (a) a quantitative analytical approach that examines clearly defined criteria to determine the value of a research project or topic, and (b) the involvement of a mix of experts to formulate an agenda that is informed by the quantitative analysis results. (2) Develop research priorities by applying the process to identify critical safety problems, identify potential research issues, assess the status of data and methodologies to conduct research that addresses the problems, estimate the costs and timeframes for research, and assess the likely outcome of alternative research topics.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $500000.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 17-48

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Project Managers:

    Hedges, Christopher

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of North Carolina, Charlotte

    Highway Safety Research Center
    Charlotte, NC  United States  27190
  • Principal Investigators:

    Zegeer, Charles

  • Start Date: 20100405
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20130430
  • Source Data: RiP Project 22367

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01464186
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
  • Contract Numbers: Project 17-48
  • Files: TRB, RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 2:37PM