Quick Response for Special Needs. Task 17. Risk Assessment of Proposed ARFF Standards

Federal legislators are considering issues that could eventually lead to a change in aircraft rescue and firefighting (ARFF) requirements at airports. To date discussion has centered on "voluntary consensus standards" promulgated by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), although there are International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards as well. The practical effects of a change to the federal requirements could include (1) an increase in ARFF staffing, (2) a reduction in ARFF response times, (3) increases in the airport area that must be served within the response time, and (4) increases in ARFF equipment. Airport operators, ARFF professionals, and federal regulators need a fuller understanding of each of these potential effects, as well as the potential safety effects of the proposed changes. ACRP's Web-Only Document 7: How Proposed ARFF Standards Would Impact Airports (http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_webdoc_007.pdf.) describes current NFPA and ICAO standards for ARFF at airports. This research, led by GRA, Incorporated, examined the cost implications if airports adopted these standards. To assess potential benefits, the researchers analyzed 10 years' of accident data and National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) reports to estimate whether or not, if the proposed standards had been implemented previously, there would likely have been a change in the survivability. As a result of the information presented in ACRP Web-Only Document 7, airport practitioners have requested an in-depth examination of the NFPA and ICAO standards. This research will expand the analysis of historical accident data within the context of specific NFPA and ICAO changes to ARFF staffing, reduction in ARFF response time, increase in the airport area to be served within the response time, and increase in ARFF equipment. Specifically, the question is: to what extent could the proposed ARFF standards be expected to mitigate risks and accident fatalities at airports? This research should include either a statistical analysis or another modeling method to assess how each element in the NFPA and ICAO standards differs from current FAA regulations and the potential impact such differences might have made to accident history. At a minimum, 20 years of accident data should be used in conducting a statistical analysis of the proposed standards in terms of how such standards could prevent or reduce the number of injuries/fatalities. Then, using information obtained from ACRP Web-Only Document 7 and other relevant literature in the area of assessing the value of mitigating a human fatality or serious injury, the researchers should assess the economic costs and benefits of the proposed changes.


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $90000.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 11-02, Task

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Project Managers:

    Greenberger, Marci

  • Start Date: 20100201
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 23354

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01464126
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 11-02, Task
  • Files: TRB, RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 2:36PM