Guidebook on Community Responses to Aircraft Noise

Generally, current understanding of the factors that influence community responses toward aircraft noise is inadequate. Moreover, an airport's grasp of these factors is important to its ability to manage local aircraft noise issues within the community. When aircraft noise causes community opposition to airport operations or planned development, airports have often attempted to overcome the project-specific opposition rather than manage community expectations for the long term. Without effective, long-term management of community expectations for aircraft noise, airports face a significant constraint to meeting future airport-capacity needs. It is increasingly important for airport decision makers to understand the aircraft noise issue and to take advantage of successful practices at other airports to manage community aircraft noise expectations. Airports also need new techniques or assessment methods to communicate more effectively and thereby manage community expectations. Even where the airport eventually succeeds in reducing community opposition to airport development or expanded operation, the process can delay completion of needed facilities because of political action or lawsuits. Apart from the direct costs of legal action, these delays can add significantly to the costs or benefits of specific projects. In extreme cases, despite implementing many known noise mitigation procedures, airports have been forced to abandon development of much needed new facilities because of unmanaged expectations from aircraft noise. As demand for more air travel forces more metropolitan regions to expand existing airports or seek sites for new secondary airports or even to relocate existing airports from constrained sites, community attitudes toward new and expanded airports will become an even more important element of airport system planning. Although various factors influence community attitudes about airport operations, aircraft noise is the dominant issue at many airports. Research is needed to provide airports with tools to manage these noise issues. The objective of this research is to develop a user-friendly primer for airport managers on the technical issues associated with managing noise in and around airports. The research should provide a discussion of the history of airport noise, issues surrounding airport noise, and the current status of noise issues. It should also provide case studies of airport noise issues and offer guidance on assessing likely community response to aircraft noise. The primer should discuss issues such as sleep disturbance, thrust reverser noise, low-frequency noise (vibration), and other noise issues as deemed appropriate. The primer should also describe educational elements that can be used by airport managers to clearly discuss airport noise issues with communities


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 2-05

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Project Managers:

    Salamone, Michael

  • Performing Organizations:

    Landrum & Brown

    Overland Park, KS  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Woodward, Jon

  • Start Date: 20070327
  • Expected Completion Date: 20081127
  • Actual Completion Date: 20081127
  • Source Data: RiP Project 12146

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01462891
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Airport Cooperative Research Program
  • Contract Numbers: Project 2-05
  • Files: RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 2:12PM