Passenger Space Allocation Guidelines for Planning and Design of Airport Terminals

As aviation demand continues to grow, increased traffic demands will stress our nation's airports. When referring to airport capacity, the focus is usually placed on runway and airspace capacity. However, the last few years have seen rapid changes in airport terminals as more space is being taken up by security processing requirements, and restored growth in passenger traffic is further stressing terminal facilities. In planning for efficient passenger flow and passenger queuing space in an airport terminal, limited work has been performed to understand the unique Level of Service (LOS) requirements and space requirements of passengers. In fact, much of the research that is commonly used as reference for understanding passenger behavior does not even come from the aviation environment, but rather from terminal studies conducted at the Port Authority Bus Station and the Penn Train Station in New York City by John J. Fruin back in the early 1970's. The airport passenger differs from the commuter passenger observed by Fruin since an airport passenger is more likely to be carrying baggage, traveling with associates or family, and spending longer dwell times in the terminal. A rigorous study of passenger movement and queuing characteristics in congested terminals is needed to help to provide guidance to planners updating terminal facilities to meet future levels of demand. The objective of this research is to develop accurate guidelines for planners and other aviation professionals regarding planning requirements for passenger movement and queuing characteristics in an airport environment.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $399928.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 3-05

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Project Managers:

    Goldstein, Lawrence

  • Performing Organizations:


  • Principal Investigators:

    Bender, Gloria

  • Start Date: 20070628
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20100301
  • Source Data: RiP Project 12147

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01462890
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Airport Cooperative Research Program
  • Contract Numbers: Project 3-05
  • Files: RIP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 2:12PM