Legal Aspects of Airport Programs. Topic 1-04. Survey of Airport Laws and Regulation of Commercial Ground Transportation

Commercial ground transportation at <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">United States</st1:place></st1:country-region> airports includes public transit, door-to-door shuttle van service, charter buses, limousines, rental cars, taxicabs, hotel courtesy shuttles, wheel chair services, and courier operators. These ground transportation carriers must enter into contracts and register with the airport authority they serve and comply with a myriad of federal, state, and local rules and regulations.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>The U.S. Federal Motor Carrier and Safety Administration has primary responsibility for issuing federal regulatory guidance for commercial ground transportation operating in interstate commerce regarding safety, size, and weight restrictions on passenger-carrying vehicles.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>State and local ground transportation rules and regulations are generally specific as to individual airports and contain provisions detailing access to commercial loading and unloading areas; meeting, loading, and unloading passengers; procedures for obtaining operating permits, licenses, and agreements; AVI (automated vehicle identification) tag requirements; operator conduct; solicitation; fees; one-day or infrequent users permits; and airport security.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>Because the security status of any United States airport is subject to change without advance notice, directives issued, e.g. with respect to designated loading and unloading areas, amount of time allowed for vehicles to stand or dwell at curbside, etc. may be altered by law enforcement personnel, federal Transportation Security Administration officers, or airport emergency safety personnel at any time.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>Local regulations also contain violation provisions and grievance procedures, which vary in detail depending on the size, use, and individual characteristics of the subject airport. Current federal airport commercial ground transportation rules and regulations can be accessed over the Internet and are available at federal agencies, libraries, and federal information distribution centers, e.g. the U.S. Government Printing Office.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">   </span>Local rules and regulations, particularly concerning some of the smaller airports, may not be available without direct contact with the airport or airport authority.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>Local rules available over the Internet or in local resource centers may be out of date or only make general references to the required permits, insurance, or other licenses needed by a carrier.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>No central comprehensive source of all applicable federal and local provisions is available.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>Furthermore, court opinions and administrative decisions concerning operator conduct or grievances are not easily obtainable.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>A synthesis or compilation of commercial ground transportation laws, regulations, and decisions would be helpful as an information resource for airport managers or administrators with a need to update current regulations or draft new ones, a researcher, legislative analyst, or for anyone who may have a need to examine and/or compare commercial ground regulations.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>Attorneys representing private corporations engaged in the business of providing commercial ground transportation should be able to use this material to analyze contracts, provide guidance with respect to grievances, and advise or represent the corporation in defense of an alleged violation..<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>Airport compliance staff and attorneys should also benefit from a searchable database as they assist airports and users with informal resolutions, evaluate complaints, and prepare decisions. This project would synthesize available guidance, including regulations, statutes, policies, and case decisions (administrative or court) pertaining to commercial ground transportation.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">  </span>Ideally, the product of this effort should produce a listing of federal, state, and local commercial ground transportation rules with extensive examples of each. Each type of guidance would also include a summary of litigation.</font></font></p>


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 11-01, Topic

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Performing Organizations:

    Lew Bricker, Smith Amundsen

  • Principal Investigators:

    McDaniel, James

  • Start Date: 20070401
  • Actual Completion Date: 20080301
  • Source Data: RiP Project 18100

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01462594
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 11-01, Topic
  • Files: TRB, RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 2:06PM