Spatial Mismatch and Transit Choice among Immigrants

While there have been numerous tests of the spatial mismatch hypothesis among racial minorities, only recently has research (Aponte 1996; Pastor and Marcelli 2000; Preston et al 1998; Parks 2004a, 2004b; Painter et al, 2008, Liu, 2008) began to consider tests of the implications of the spatial mismatch hypothesis among immigrants. At present, the results for immigrants are mixed, and show a lot of heterogeneity with respect to country of origin, time in the United States, and status as a first or second generation immigrant. At the same time, the literature on the transit choices of immigrants (Myers, 1996; Blumenberg and Shiki, 2007) is much more sparse than the literature on transit mode choice overall. This study proposes to analyze the role of transit mode choice and residential location on the job market outcomes of immigrants. Building upon the work of Ong and Miller (2005), who study the role of transit choice on spatial mismatch among minority groups, and on the work of Painter et al (2008) and Liu (2008), who study the role of spatial mismatch among immigrants, this study will estimate how transit mode choice interacts with spatial mismatch across several metropolitan areas. The proposed study will analyze these interactions in two gateway metropolitan areas (Los Angeles and Chicago) and four emerging immigrant gateways (Washington, DC, Atlanta, Seattle, and Denver) to discover if living in immigrant enclaves across different parts of a metropolitan area (central city, inner ring suburbs, and outer ring suburbs) differentially affect immigrants in areas with more or less established immigrant populations and in places with different transportation infrastructures.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $90833.00
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Center for Metropolitan Transportation Research

    University of Southern California
    650 Childs Way, RGL 107
    Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626
  • Project Managers:

    Valentine, Victoria

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Southern California, Los Angeles

    University Park Campus
    Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089
  • Principal Investigators:

    Painter, Gary

  • Start Date: 20080815
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 26543

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01461389
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Center for Metropolitan Transportation Research
  • Contract Numbers: 09-30
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 1:45PM