Modernize and Upgrade CANDE for Analysis and Design of Buried Structures

First introduced in 1976 under the sponsorship of FHWA, CANDE (Culvert ANalysis and DEsign) is a design and analysis tool for all types and sizes of buried structures. CANDE is a public-domain finite element program, available through McTrans, and is widely used by State DOTs, industry, consulting firms, and universities in the United States, Canada, Europe, Africa, and Australia. CANDE provides an elastic solution (Level 1), automated finite element mesh generation for common configurations (Level 2), and a user-defined finite element mesh (Level 3). CANDE operates in a batch-mode environment and was last updated and enhanced in 1989 (CANDE-89). Since then, significant changes have occurred in computer technology, such as Windows®-based programming environments. Moreover, recent NCHRP studies have introduced new design criteria and analysis techniques, which have been incorporated into AASHTO LRFD design specifications for buried structures. The objective of this project is to modernize and upgrade CANDE-89. The products of this research will be a fully documented Windows®-based, user-friendly buried structure analysis and load and resistance factor design program; a user's manual; and a tutorial.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $450000.00
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 15-28

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Project Managers:

    Beal, David

  • Performing Organizations:

    Michael Baker Jr., Incorporated

    100 Airside Drive
    Moon Township, PA  United States  15108-
  • Principal Investigators:

    Mlynarski, Mark

  • Start Date: 20050429
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20080331
  • Source Data: RiP Project 10642

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01460721
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
  • Contract Numbers: Project 15-28
  • Files: RIP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 1:31PM