Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems. Topic SD-03. Bus Bypass Shoulders

In many urban areas freeway congestion commonly delays bus services and adversely impacts schedule reliability. Where HOV/bus lanes cannot be physically provided to deal with this problem, some communities have adopted policies and regulations that permit buses to use freeway shoulder lanes and thus bypass congested segments of the freeway. Maryland, Virginia, Minnesota, Washington, British Columbia, Ontario, and Toronto are all jurisdictions that have implemented or are in the process of implementing bus use of shoulder programs. Most communities, however, have been reluctant to embrace bus use of shoulders for highway safety reasons. Little information is available about safety experience related to bus use of highways, as well as about travel time, reliability, and patronage benefits to transit resulting from allowed use of freeway shoulders. The purpose of this proposed synthesis project will be to identify jurisdictions that allow bus use of shoulders, along with their positive and negative experiences. The operating guidelines, required physical improvements, and traffic markings and signage features of their operations will also be identified in order to facilitate informed consideration of this concept. Both the transit and highway perspectives will be explored, recognizing that both must be partners in expanding these promising applications for increasing patronage and improving operating efficiency.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project J-7, Topic S

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590

    Transit Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001
  • Project Managers:

    Jenks, Christopher

  • Performing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  USA  20001
  • Principal Investigators:

    Vlasak, Donna

  • Start Date: 20040813
  • Actual Completion Date: 20060400
  • Source Data: RiP Project 9803

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01458764
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transit Cooperative Research Program
  • Contract Numbers: Project J-7, Topic S
  • Files: RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 2013 12:49PM