Intersection Collision Avoidance Concepts

The Infrastructure Consortium, a Regional Pooled Fund led by California DOT, was organized to represent the interests of state and local highway transportation infrastructure providers in the development and deployment of advanced highway safety technologies. The first area that will be addressed is intersection collision avoidance. Although much of the technology can be provided directly on the vehicle, cooperative technologies that allow information from the transportation infrastructure to be used by on-board vehicle systems is believed to offer considerable potential improvements in performance. The Infrastructure Consortium is expected to sponsor and support innovative research in cooperative IVI services, to serve as stakeholders for all state and local governments with respect to cooperative systems, and to promote the deployment of cost-effective cooperative IVI services. The development of effective intersection collision avoidance systems will require a significant research effort to: (1) analyze crashes and mitigation concepts; (2) develop intersection collision avoidance concepts and algorithms; (3) develop analytical models to assess safety countermeasures; (4) develop or adopt infrastructure-based sensors; (5) examine human factors issues; (6) define vehicle-infrastructure (or vehicle-vehicle) communication methods and effective driver advisory devices; (7) assess benefits, costs, and institutional barriers to deployment; (8) develop infrastructure systems; (9) demonstrate early system concepts for the National IVI Meeting; and (10) outline designs for potential field operational tests. The Infrastructure Consortium will provide a unique opportunity to allow partnerships between the vehicle manufacturing industry and the infrastructure providers to that cooperative vehicle-highway systems can be research, evaluated, manufactured, deployed, operated, and maintained.