Evaluation of Nebraska Department of Transportation's (NDOT) Construction Stormwater Detention Measures Using Full-Scale Testing Techniques

Earthmoving activities associated with highway construction create increased risk of downstream pollution from stormwater runoff. Rainfall dislodges sediment and runoff mobilizes soil particles and other pollutants that can cause significant risk to receiving water bodies. Excessive sediment in waterways can harm aquatic life by increasing turbidity, reducing fish habitats, as well as increasing the risk of flooding by reducing the flow capacity of rivers and streams. The cost of sediment in surface waters is drastic, with the cost of sediment pollution being estimated at $16 billion in 1998, including the physical, biological, and chemical damages caused by unmanaged or improperly managed stormwater discharges.