An Analysis of Demand Response Transit (DRT) Travel of the Elderly, Women, and the Disabled in Rural Areas: Implications for Equity and Future DRT Systems

Demand Response Transit (DRT) services play a crucial part in supporting rural transportation, especially for individuals with no access to private vehicles. However, the exploration of DRT travel patterns, particularly the differences tied to demographics such as gender, age, and disability remains an underdeveloped area of research. The proposed study begins to fill this gap by analyzing real-world DRT trip data from rural Tennessee. In DRT trip reservation systems, trip characteristics - such as pick-up time, drop-off time, trip distance, and purpose, among others - are typically recorded. Some of these systems also collect a small number of demographic variables. For the authors' initial study area, the attributes of age, gender and disability status will be considered. The analysis will focus on the differences in DRT travel patterns across gender, age and disability status, and their intersection, within the rural American context. This analysis will include cross-tabulation statistics by demographic group and cluster analysis to identify different DRT trip patterns. This study is particularly pertinent given the characteristics of rural communities, such as widespread destinations, limited transit alternatives, and an aging demographic, which underscore the important role of DRT in rural communities throughout the United States.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $150928
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Center for Regional and Rural Connected Communities

    North Carolina A&T State University
    Greensboro, NC  United States  27411
  • Project Managers:

    Brakewood, Candace

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Tennessee, Knoxville

    Knoxville, TN  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Brakewood, Candace

    Cronley, Courtney

    Cherry, Christopher

  • Start Date: 20240115
  • Expected Completion Date: 20250114
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01920241
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Regional and Rural Connected Communities
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3552348304
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: May 30 2024 5:52PM