Using machine learning to understand the built environment’s influence on 15-minute transit-oriented communities

Objectives and Importance: Transit-oriented development is an old idea, but now it is complemented with the newer idea of 15-minute cities. Fifteen minute cities proposes the concept that neighborhoods within cities can have most everyday activities located within a 15-minute walk or bike ride of most residences. Presumably, if a high-capacity transit station also incorporated 15-minute neighborhood design, then it would be possible for residents of that area to live without owning a vehicle, between the local access provided by the 15-minute neighborhood and the regional access provided by the transit station itself. This project will explore how the built environment can contribute to 15-minute neighborhoods in the vicinity of high capacity transit stations. (1) Merge the concept of the 15-minute city with that of transit-oriented development; (2) Examine how supportive mixed-use built environments can increase the internal trip capture of transit-oriented communities; (3) Increase the attractiveness of transit-oriented communities by making them more self-contained; (4) Facilitate the affordability of transit-oriented communities by making it possible to live in such a community without owning a vehicle; (5) Apply emerging machine learning tools to develop new insights into the problem of internal trip capture and 15-minute cities. Research question: Do different levels of land use intensity, land use mix, and street network connectivity result in 15-minutes neighborhoods for areas surrounding high-capacity transit stations? Scope: Examine internal trip capture and nonmotorized trips for nonwork trips around transit station areas for surrounding high-capacity transit stops. The research team will examine data from two metropolitan areas with distinctive built environments and socioeconomic characteristics. Method: (1) Literature review of the literatures on internal trip capture and 15-minute cities. (2) Leverage travel behavior surveys (and perhaps large-scale GPS data) to identify nonwork trips, trip origins, and trip destinations. (3) Develop various measures of the built environment using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), including the D’s of density, diversity, design, and destination accessibility. (4) Statistically analyze the relationship between the dependent variables of internal trip capture and nonmotorized trips relative to built environment variables, employing both traditional statistical and machine learning techniques. Include applicable control variables such as socioeconomic characteristics and vehicle ownership. (5) Machine learning will be used to analyze non-linear relationships and thresholds among the independent variables and the outcomes of internal trip capture and nonmotorized trips. For example, increasing mixed use may increase internal trip capture, but only up to a point; after that further mixing of uses has no marginal benefit. Traditional linear regression techniques cannot determine such a threshold, but machine learning techniques can.


    • English


    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $225000
    • Contract Numbers:


    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Center for Equitable Transit-Oriented Communities (CETOC)

      University of New Orleans
      New Orleans, LA  United States 
    • Project Managers:

      Kline, Robin

    • Performing Organizations:

      Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton

      Boca Raton, FL  United States  33431
    • Principal Investigators:

      Merlin, Louis

    • Start Date: 20231001
    • Expected Completion Date: 20251031
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01902113
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Center for Equitable Transit-Oriented Communities (CETOC)
    • Contract Numbers: 69A3552348337
    • Files: UTC, RIP
    • Created Date: Dec 14 2023 11:26PM